Diversity in Southeast Asia is greatly impacted by the geography because the landforms can separate the different cultures, not allowing the people to adapt or learn new customs. The people won’t know what else is out there, what other cultures believe in, because they are separated by land or ocean. Barriers, such as mountains, rivers, and plains, divide the majorities from the minorities. The majority will control the government and the river valleys while the minorities keep to themselves, having a small population. Because the minorities don’t allow others in their group, the culture doesn’t change and they don’t become more diverse. Having a secluded region allows them to preserve their culture and they don’t have to change their ways from influence by others.
Not having influence from other cultures and other people gives them an opportunity to think of their own ideas. They can feel free to do what they want, such as self-stabbing to communicate with the gods, or walking on hot coal to cleanse themselves of evil. For some women in a certain culture, they stretch their necks and wear rings around it for beauty. They’ll even file their teeth or blacken their teeth for beauty.
Music, theater, and art vary from each region because they all have their own way of doing things. Urban areas have big ensembles of gong families play for court and state ceremonies, whereas rural areas and other remote places use smaller ensembles and solo instruments play a simpler music for village feasts, curing ceremonies, and daily activities. Also, There are a variety of traditions in family life so not everyone will be the same. In some cultures, there are differences in customs, resources, and family size. The food is unique to their culture and the people eat it for its medicinal purposes, such as rats, king cobra soup, and duck blood. It may seem gross to us but it’s normal to them.
With the landforms acting as barriers between cultures, it allows diversity. By having multiple groups separated, there’s more types of cultures that are very different from each other. There won’t be influence from others, letting each culture be unique. If there was influence, it’d be less diverse because they’re becoming more like another group, making everyone the same. Geography is a key role in Southeast Asia and its impact on the diversity between different cultures.
In present day Japan, there are traditional traits still evident in the Japanese arts. They continue to use precision, self-discipline, balance, and love of nature in their everyday lives. In the arts, men will perform in Noh with no female actresses and the traditions of Noh are passed down from generation to generation, still preserving the traditional aspects. The Japanese have a cultural trait of having a love for nature, which is why they practice tea ceremonies, bonsai (the art of raising miniature trees in pots), painting, and ikebana (flower arrangement). Nowadays, Japan has become more modern, making changes to some of the traditional arts. Traditional music in Japan has been influenced by the Western culture, as well as theater and painting. There has been influence from Beethoven and the Beatles in music, and influence in theater from Shakespeare and Ibsen. Even though Japan has been influenced by the West, Japanese art inspires cultures around the world as well.
Communism has a huge impact in China on how the environmental issues are being resolved. The government is in charge and controls everything, but they are not doing anything to help the environment. Farmers throw diseased pigs into rivers and they even sell the meat containing porcine circovirus. The authorities tried to help by fishing all the pigs out of the water and nothing else. They aren’t stopping people from doing it again. The Huangpu River once had about 6,000 carcasses in just one week. It is obviously a serious problem but the government isn’t doing enough to help.
China is more focused on economics and less on the environment. They just want to further better themselves and are more concerned about the economy and advancements in technology. Because of that, they’re doing nothing for pollution. The China Daily called most of China’s major cities “barely suitable for living” and that just shows how bad the conditions are in China.Being the top coal consumer does not help their situation, especially when they use dirty coal. The oil companies have to reduce air pollution but they also need to sell oil at the cheapest price possible. In some areas of China, they have low fuel quality standards but even if they implement a new standard, it’s more than 4 1/2 years away. The new standard removes all the sulfur from the fuel and reduces emissions but it won’t happen for while. If China waits that long, the conditions will only continue to grow worse
With the Arab Spring, people in North Africa and the Middle East started protesting to replace their dictatorial government with a democratic system. It was caused by the United States leading an invasion in Iraq in 2003 to stop Saddam Hussein’s tyrannical government. By doing so, they hoped that it wold lead to a flowering democracy throughout the Arab world.
There are several causes that have led up to the Arab Spring. Some of the factors are the economic crisis and the US-led occupation in Iraq. With these factors, it was just increasing the pressure on countries suffering from longtime political repression. Leaders and political parties would hold all the power and several Arab nations would have restricted freedom, but the people wanted to have more rights and more freedom. In some countries like Egypt and Syria, they lived under a constant state of emergency that allowed the government broad powers to restrict their personal freedoms. The rebellion started when young Tunisian named Muhammad Bouazizi was through with the harassment he received from the local police, so he set himself on fire in front of the municipal building. The Tunisian protesters were successful in bringing down their president and other countries were successful in doing the same.
As the car is rounding the corner, I started imagining what Baghdad would look. Broken buildings all around, military forces, conflict, desolation, and a place with such little color. Boy, was I wrong. Slowly getting out, I blinked my eyes to readjust to the sunlight. What I saw was the complete opposite. Baghdad was hustling and bustling with people walking up and down the streets to perform their tasks. There were vehicles everywhere and a very busy traffic, cars honking and people yelling at each other to hurry up and keep moving. The people went shopping at their local stores and have gone out to eat. The sun brightening the Earth with its brilliant rays, refusing to dull its shine. There was such liveliness that I never could have imagined in Baghdad. Problems still exist but I can see that things are changing for the better. The world I knew is slowly becoming the world I dream of.