1. Although Temple of Heaven had not been built before 15th Century, the site has been used for religious rituals because the Zhou Dynasty(1122BC-256BC).
2. As well as building separate Temples of Heaven and Earth, Emperor Jiajing also commissioned the Temple from the Sun ( Ritan Park ) in the east with the city, as well as the Temple of Moon(Yuetan Park ) under western culture. The emperor usedx to worship the God with the Sun at Ritan on the spring equinox as well as the God from the Moon at Yuetan about the autumn equinox.
3. The Qinian hall ws built without the need for a single nail and possesses 50.000 bulue glazed tiles. The pillars within the Dragon Fountain were refurbished in 1740 using wood from US state , Oregon , following a lighting strike had damaged the structure.
4. Like many a stroppy film star since thenm no one was permitted to look directly in the Emperors. Throughout the annual procession in the Forbidden City for the Temple of Heaven to do the winter solstice rites, individuals were ordered to remain indoors behind shuttered widows. No commoner had entered the park until October 1912, when the gates were thrown ready to accept celebrate the Republic or China 's first National Day.
5. Between its completion in 1424 and also the end from the Qing Dynasty in 1911. 22emperors made 654 sacrifices to heaven within the Temple of Heaven .
ARGUABLY ONE OF BEIJING'S finest parks, the 267 hectare Temple of Heaven Park, is situated 2km to the south of Tian'anmen Square . Athe who's was built, the Temple of Heaven was referred to as Temple of Heaven and Earth and was used to offer sacrifices to Heaven on the winter solstice and also to Earth about the summer solstice.
The layout of the park reflects the dual nature of its original role as well as the thought that it had been the meeting host to Heaven and Earth. The original Chinese thought that 'heaven is round and the earth is square'. That's the reason why the northern edge of the park is semi -circular as well as the southern end is square . The principles were also put on the buildings inside park: Round temple halls sit atop square bases, as heaven is more than our planet below.
The Temple is split into inner and outer parts. The temple's main buildings--The Alatr of Heaven (Yuan qiutan), Imperial Vault of Heaver (Huang qiongyu) and Hall of Prayer once and for all Harvest(Qinian dian)--all lie across the north-south middle axis line of the inner part.
The Altar of Heaven contains three layere white marble terraces representing (bottom to top) heaven, earth and man, Integrated 1530. it absolutely was here through the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1911) that emperors would offier animal sacrifices to heaven, every year on the 15th day of the 1st lunar month as well as on the winter solstice. To wish for good harvests.
In 1530, Emperor Jiaqing thought it better to worship heaven and earth separately, for fear of angering the gods. The happy couple ppromptly split and went their separate ways. Earth getting its very own put on its northern border side of town at Ditan Park . Along with building separate Temples of Heaven and Earth, Earth, Emperor Jiajing also commissioned the Temple from the Sun (Ritan Park ) within the east of the city, and also the Temple of the Moon (Yuetan Park ) in the west. The emperor accustomed to worship the God of the Sun at Pirtan in the spring equinox and also the God of the Moon at Yuetan with the autumn equinox. The Temple of Heaven was always the largest and most importanti of the four temples.
Just north with the round altar is among the parks architectural marvels, the Echo Wall ( Huiyinbi). The 65-mette diameter curved wall is designed to enable a whisper to visit clearly from on end to another, even though it is hared to prove since it is usually blocked by hoards of tourists. Tongues of the many corner of the earth, all asking the identical question' Is it possible to hear me?'
Bouncing returning to the Echo Wall,just outside the gate from the Imperial Vault of Heaven will be the Three Echo Stones. If you speak facing the vault, while located on the first stone, you'll hear one echo; sitting on the 2nd you may hear two and on the next stone, you may hear three. It functions better with clapping.
Standing at the centre from the area enclosed by echo wall may be the Imperial Vault of Heaven, an octagonal tower whose golden top and blue foof reflect the architecture of the Hall of Prayer once and for all Harvest. This brick and timber structure was also built in 1530 and utilized to maintain 'Memorial Tablets of the Gods' stone tablets which were found in the winter solstice seremony.
Connecting the tower using the Hall of Prayer once and for all Harvest is the vermilion Steps Bridge , a sacered way tilted upwards on the northern end as it was thought it literally acted like a highway to heaven.
Chinese people thought that oddnumbers were auspicious, which nine was best since it was the highest single-digit odd number. The entire altar has been built while using geometry of the number nine; there are nine rings of nine blocks of stone about the terraces. Flights of nine steps and nine balustrades. If you stand on the part of the center of the terrace-every word you speak will amplified nine times before it goes directly approximately heaven. This, obviously, was the area that has been restricted to the Emperor's thone during ceremonies because it was thought to be on the exact core middle kingdom, rendering it the centre of earth and a direct portal to heaven.
The palace of abstinence (Chai Gong) stands to the west of the north-south axis that runs between your Altar of Heaven and the Hall of Prayer once and for all Harvest. On the eve from the winter solstice the Emperor used to spend a celibate night here fasting and forgoing the pleasures of the flesh. These moring however emerge cleansed. Dressed in his ceremonial robes, ready to offer animal. Grain and silk sacrifices in the beginning light.
The Hall of Prayer once and for all Harvest is one of Beijing 's most favored postcards, since it is this beautiful round building that a lot of people keep company with the Temple of Heaven . The hall is surely an architectural marvel, built entirely from wood in 1420. The 38 metre tall, 30 metre diameter structure has three blue- tiled roofs and stands atop three marble tiers.
Inside the Hall are 28 huge posts; The four over the group of friends represent the four seasons; the 12 over the middle circle represent the Twelve months; and also the 12 across the outer circle represent the Yr; and the 12 along the outer circle represent 12 Shichen , the two-hour long periods by which every day was split up into
The inner is stunning, emblazoned with rich colours and a huge dragon painted on the ceiling. The reason why your building looks so new, happens because it is really just over a century old. In 1889 a bolt of lightning struck the top of the temple, sparking a hearth that engulfed the whole building. Your building was rebuilt exactly for the original Ming Dynasty plans. The reason related to causing this disaster is quite laughable. It had been decreed how the lightning struck a sacrilegious caterpillar which had just reached the golden ball towards the top of the tower. Thhirty two court officials were offer death for allowing such a thing to take place.
Today the temple of Heaven Park is alive with folks credit cards, waltzing to music blaring from small stereos, playing musical instruments, practicing their Beijing Opera or perhaps sitting smoking a pipe. The park is a great destination to find out how retired people in the neighborhood population spend their time.